How complexity science can quickly detect climate record anomalies

The history of our climate is written in ice. Reading it is a matter of deciphering the complex signals pulled from tens of thousands of years of accumulated isotopes frozen miles below the surface of Antarctica. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Scientists warn of slow progress towards United Nations biodiversity targets

Scientists from the United States and Brazil warn that the current global progress toward United Nations (UN) sustainability goals is not fast enough to avert the biodiversity crisis. A scientific team led by the California Academy of Sciences evaluated progress toward current bi … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Archaeologist debunks the myth of "the nearly naked Bushmen"

It is said that "clothes maketh the man." | Continue reading | 4 years ago

How Amazon delivers holiday gifts from the buy button to your door: Go inside a fulfillment center

A couple of weeks before Christmas, the inside of an Amazon Robotics fulfillment center near Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport looks more industrial than anything having to do with holiday shopping. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Predicting the accuracy of a neural network prior to training

Constructing a neural network model for each new dataset is the ultimate nightmare for every data scientist. What if you could forecast the accuracy of the neural network earlier thanks to accumulated experience and approximation? This was the goal of a recent project at IBM Rese … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Africa: An air pollution wildcard

For the past four years, atmospheric scientists have been flying around the world with NASA on a mission to analyze pollution chemistry in the air and oceans. The NASA Atmospheric Tomography Mission or ATom, which flew its last campaign this spring, discovered unexpected levels o … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

On the horizon: Looking ahead for global conservation

Every year for the last decade, an expert team of horizon scanners, science communicators and researchers have identified the top emerging issues in global conservation. This year's team included Fauna & Flora International's (FFI) Head of Marine Conservation, Nicola Frost, with … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Orangutans can communicate about the past just like humans, new research finds

The evolution of language converted a defenceless naked ape into a world-dominating force. It fundamentally transformed how humans transmit information and knowledge. A large and potent component of language is our ability to communicate about things that are not here, that happe … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Weather monitoring from the ground up

Many startups tailor their first product or service to a specific market segment in order to validate their ideas and get some early traction. Far fewer develop a solution to such a fundamental problem that they explore several markets simultaneously, but ClimaCell has done just … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Women don't speak up over workplace harassment because no one hears them if they do

There are good reasons why those experiencing sexual harassment – particularly in the workplace – don't report it at the time it occurs. To do so is likely to result in ostracism, exclusion, career suicide or a direct threat to a complainant's ongoing employment. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Native cherries are a bit mysterious, and possibly inside-out

People don't like parasites. But there's a local Aussie tree that's only a little bit parasitic: the native cherry, or cherry ballart. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Scientists dismiss the idea of travel through wormholes

A RUDN employee and Brazilian colleagues have called into question the concept of using stable wormholes as portals to different points of space-time. The results of the studies were published in Physical Review D. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Are reef corals stressed or just pessimistic?

Climate change threatens coral reefs around the globe. The high temperatures associated with this phenomenon can lead to "bleaching," the breakdown of the symbiosis between corals and the algae that live within their cells. Since corals are nourished by these photosynthetically … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Soybean oil driving technology to improve roadways

Holiday drivers who find that roadwork is driving them crazy may find in future years that a Purdue University-affiliated startup can seal the deal for a merrier journey. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Moun­tain birds de­clin­ing in Europe

Population data for European mountain birds had been combined in a recent study, with worrying results: The abundance of mountain-specialist birds has declined by as much as 10 percent since 2000. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Two stalagmites found in Chinese cave offer a way to improve accuracy of carbon-14 dating

A team of researchers with members affiliated with several institutions in the U.S. and China has found two stalagmites that offer a way to improve the accuracy of the carbon-14 dating technique. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes the stalagmites … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

The contest for the worst air pollutant

In its report published on June 28, 2018, the French Agency for Health Safety (ANSES) presented a list of 13 new priority air pollutants to monitor. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Head Start slashes likelihood of adult poverty

One of the United States' most successful anti-poverty measures starts very early in life: Head Start, a preschool program for disadvantaged kids, increased children's education and significantly reduced the likelihood of adult poverty, according to a University of Michigan study … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Allegations of civil and human rights violations in detention facilities are numerous

Immigration detention facilities that are privately operated or located in remote areas of the country garnered more grievances and held detainees significantly longer than in publicly run facilities, according to a study by USC Gould School of Law Professor Emily Ryo. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Are computer-aided decisions actually fair?

Algorithmic fairness is increasingly important because as more decisions of greater importance are made by computer programs, the potential for harm grows. Today, algorithms are already widely used to determine credit scores, which can mean the difference between owning a home an … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

When heat ceases to be a mystery, spintronics becomes more real

The development of spintronics depends on materials that guarantee control over the flow of magnetically polarized currents. However, it is hard to talk about control when the details of heat transport through the interfaces between materials are unknown. This thermal gap in our … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Tale of two trees: New web tool estimates gene trees with ease

Gene trees, much like family trees, trace the lineage of a particular gene from its deep ancestral roots to its still-growing branches. By comparing gene trees to species trees, which map the evolutionary history of species, scientists can learn which species have which genes, wh … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Studying marine biodiversity from pole to pole

Many scientists around the world are studying marine biodiversity—the variety of life forms in the ocean. But there is no common standard for how to conduct this research or to compile the data from different studies in different areas. MBARI's Francisco Chavez, a biological ocea … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Megacity traffic soot contributes to global warming

Soot from road traffic in emerging countries can reach high altitudes, where it can be transported over long distances and thus contributes to global warming. This is the conclusion of a study performed by an international team of researchers in the Bolivian cities of La Paz (the … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Climate change has made western megadrought 38 percent more severe, say new estimates

Over the last few decades, the American West has seen major increases in wildfire activity and big decreases in groundwater supply. Warmer temperatures are paving the way for the invasion of destructive bark beetles, while lower precipitation is drying out lakes and rivers. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Modification of existing nitrile latex with magnetite nano particle

The present invention provides a method to produce black iron oxide nanoparticle slurry having a magnetite structure and homogenously disperse. It can be used as formed or mixed with another medium. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Exactly how we would send our first laser-powered probe to Alpha Centauri

The dream of traveling to another star system, and maybe even finding populated worlds there, is one that has preoccupied humanity for many generations. But it was not until the era of space exploration that scientists have been able to investigate various methods for making an i … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Direct electrolysis has mixed results for extracting fuel sources from microalgae

Researchers are investigating ways to improve biodiesel production by using electrical fields to break open microalgae cells with varied results, according to a new study in the Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Data from Kilauea suggests the eruption was unprecedented

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Computing the origin of life

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It's not so easy to gain the true measure of things

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Video: Enjoying the Geminids from above and below

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Applying emerging technology to solve environmental challenges

Technology and environmental sustainability leaders must work together on collaborative solutions to unlock the power of emerging technology to address the challenges of environmental sustainability, including those related to climate change and responsible water management. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Researchers solve seismic mystery that shook central Alberta communities

Icequakes created by a unique combination of weather and buckling lake ice—not earthquakes—caused the tremors that damaged homes and properties in several central Alberta communities last New Year's Day, according to new research. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Horned dinosaur Crittendenceratops discovered in Arizona

Palentologists are announcing a new dinosaur discovery in the southwest United States. Crittendenceratops krzyzanowskii is a new ceratopsid (horned) dinosaur from 73-million-year-old (Late Cretaceous) rocks in southern Arizona. It is one of the few dinosaurs named from Arizona. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Magic number colloidal clusters

Complexity in nature often results from self-assembly, and is considered particularly robust. Compact clusters of elemental particles can be shown to be of practical relevance, and are found in atomic nuclei, nanoparticles or viruses. An interdisciplinary team of researchers led … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

The splendid generative potential of the Sierpinski triangle

One transistor can become an oscillator with a surprising richness of behavior. However, even more interesting effects emerge if the structure of connections is fractal and shows some imperfections. Could similar rules explain the diversity and complexity of human brain dynamics? | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Researchers fine-tune wind farm simulation

Wind power is on track to supply almost a fifth of the world's demand for electricity by 2050, according to the Global Wind Energy Council. While wind turbines are generally thought of as a sustainable alternative to traditional energy sources, relatively little is known about th … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Actual image of a white dwarf feeding on material from a larger red giant 650 light years from Earth

The SPHERE planet-hunting instrument on the European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope captured this image of a white dwarf feeding on its companion star, a type of Red Giant called a Mira variable. Most stars exist in binary systems, and they spend an eternity serenely … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Innovation increases observable volume of the universe by a factor of seven

The detection of Einstein's gravitational waves relies on highly precise laser measurements of small length changes. The kilometer-size detectors of the international network (GEO600, LIGO, Virgo) are so sensitive that they are fundamentally limited by tiny quantum mechanical eff … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

A young star caught forming like a planet

Astronomers have captured one of the most detailed views of a young star taken to date, and revealed an unexpected companion in orbit around it. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

The best laptops of 2018

In almost every dorm room, library, coffee shop, office and airport around the world, you will find someone with their head buried in a laptop. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Scientists design custom nanoparticles with new 'stencil' method

Nano-sized particles already make bicycles and tennis rackets lighter and stronger, protect eyeglasses from scratches, and help direct chemotherapy drugs to cancer cells. But their usefulness depends on being able to precisely sculpt them into the right configurations—no easy tas … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Mars InSight lander seen in first images from space

On Nov. 26, NASA's InSight mission knew the spacecraft touched down within an 81-mile-long (130-kilometer-long) landing ellipse on Mars. Now, the team has pinpointed InSight's exact location using images from HiRISE, a powerful camera onboard another NASA spacecraft, Mars Reconna … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Better superconductors from ceramic copper oxides

Medical magnetic resonance imaging, high-power microwave generators, superconducting magnetic energy storage units, and the solenoids in nuclear fusion reactors are very different technologies which all critically rely on the ability of superconducting materials to carry and stor … | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Study highlights challenges facing black computing faculty

A recent study used text-mining analysis to highlight the impact that microaggressions have on black faculty in computing disciplines, finding that it contributes to a sense of alienation from the larger higher education community. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

Researchers use jiggly Jell-O to make powerful new hydrogen fuel catalyst

A cheap and effective new catalyst developed by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, can generate hydrogen fuel from water just as efficiently as platinum, currently the best—but also most expensive—water-splitting catalyst out there. | Continue reading | 4 years ago

California texting tax: What we know about the proposal

A proposal this week by a California commission to impose a "texting tax" has raised more questions than answers. Here's what we know so far: | Continue reading | 4 years ago