Courts treat intoxicated women twice as harshly as men facing same assault charges

Women are twice as likely as men to receive harsher sentences for assault offences when alcohol is a contributory factor, according to new research from the University of Liverpool. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Researchers study interactions in molecules using AI

Researchers from the University of Luxembourg, Technische Universität Berlin, and the Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society have combined machine learning and quantum mechanics to predict the dynamics and atomic interactions in molecules. The new approach allows for a … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Chemist obtains a nanocatalyst base from rice husk

A chemist from RUDN has developed a method to obtain high-porosity silicium dioxide, a base for nanocatalysts used in different types of organic reactions, from rice husks. The results of the study were published in ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Genetic behavior reveals cause of death in poplars essential to ecosystems, industry

Continue reading | 2 years ago

Chemists develop method to obtain catalyst-, surfactant- and template-free polymeric nanoparticles

Continue reading | 2 years ago

From peaceful coexistence to potential peril: The bacteria that live in and on us

Bacteria are everywhere, including in and on our bodies. There are estimated to be as many bacteria in a human body as there are human cells. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Predictability limit for tropical cyclones over the western North Pacific

For an atmospheric system, there exists a limit to how far ahead one can make predictions. This is referred to as atmospheric predictability. Within this limit, however, the weather forecast will still contain some uncertainty. Given that numerical models are "perfect," the predi … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Producing defectless metal crystals of unprecedented size

A research group at the Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), has published an article in Science describing a new method to convert inexpensive polycrystalline metal foils to single crystals with superior properties. These ma … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Adding the third dimension to marine conservation

A new approach to tackle conservation decisions in 3-D marine environments could lead to better conservation outcomes. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Study shows gender preferences differ more in countries that are more affluent and gender equal

A pair of researchers, one with the University of Bonn, the other the University of California, has found evidence that shows gender preferences differ more in countries that are more affluent and gender equal than in countries that are not. In their paper published in the journa … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Prince William shows conservation still has a problem with 'white saviours'

Prince William recently spoke at one of the largest illegal wildlife summits ever held in London. He said, "Poaching is an economic crime against ordinary people and their futures." | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Nanodiamonds as photocatalysts

Climate change is in full swing and will continue unabated as long as CO2 emissions continue. One possible solution is to return CO2 to the energy cycle: CO2 could be processed with water into methanol, a fuel that can be easily transported and stored. However, the reaction, whic … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Image: Launching the Galileo mission

Space Shuttle Atlantis deployed the Galileo spacecraft six hours, 30 minutes into the flight on Oct. 18, 1989. In this image, Galileo, mounted atop the inertial upper stage, is tilted to a 58-degree deployment position in Atlantis's payload bay with the Earth's limb appearing in … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Scientists solve 3-D structure of cystic fibrosis protein in active, inactive states

Scientists at the UNC School of Medicine in collaboration with researchers at Oregon Health & Science University have resolved the three-dimensional molecular structure of the protein that's defective in people with cystic fibrosis in the protein's active and inactive state. The … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Climate change the likely killer of Australian marsupial lion

Scientists believe Thylacoleo carnifex was probably a victim of the drying out of Australia, which began about 350,000 years ago, rather than from the impact of humans. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

How plants bind their green pigment chlorophyll

Chlorophyll is the pigment used by all plants for photosynthesis. There are two versions, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b. These are structurally very similar to one another but have different colors, blue-green and yellowish green, respectively. Both pigments fulfill different j … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Advanced sequencing technology provides new insights into human mitochondrial diseases

The ability to translate the genetic code into proteins is an essential step in all living organisms. A cornerstone of this molecular process is the ability of transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules to couple recognition of the genetic code with the cognate amino acid, which are the build … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Sculpting bacteria into extreme shapes reveals the rugged nature of cell division

What do watermelons and bacteria have in common? Just like the tasty fruit, microbes can be molded into unusual shapes, a study in Nature Communications has shown. The paper, produced by researchers at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), ha … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

With a microbe-produced toxin, bacteria prove old dogs can learn new tricks

A newly discovered toxin that some bacteria deploy to fend off competing bacteria stands out from others in the battle for microbial domination. While many deadly substances have been identified among bacteria, this previously unknown toxin behaves in a familiar way. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

States and feds unite on election security after '16 clashes

Election officials and federal cybersecurity agents are touting improved collaboration aimed at confronting and deterring efforts to tamper with elections. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

MoviePass operations under investigation by New York AG

The company that runs the beleaguered MoviePass discount service for movie tickets is being investigated by the New York Attorney General on allegations that it misled investors. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

US authorities reel in StarKist in canned tuna scandal

The US crackdown on price fixing has netted another big fish in canned tuna, the Justice Department announced Thursday. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

New fly species found in Indiana may indicate changing climate, says researcher

A new type of blow fly spotted in Indiana points to shifting species populations due to climate change. Researchers at IUPUI have observed the first evidence of Lucilia cuprina in Indiana, an insect previously known to populate southern states from Virginia to California. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Study finds racial disparities in student debt increase after young people leave college

Racial disparities in student debt between blacks and whites may perpetuate the racial wealth gap according to a study in the online first edition of Sociology of Race and Ethnicity. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

EU leaders vow tough action on cyber attacks

EU leaders on Thursday condemned the attempted hack on the global chemical weapons watchdog and vowed to step up the bloc's efforts to tackle cyber attacks. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Epidemic in turf management: Herbicide resistance in annual bluegrass

Annual bluegrass is one of the most common weeds of turfgrass on golf courses, sports fields and sod farms, not to mention residential and commercial lawns. Unfortunately this nemesis of pristine landscapes has also developed resistance to many common herbicides. Researchers with … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Nearly half the world lives on less than $5.50 a day: World Bank

Despite progress in reducing extreme poverty, nearly half the world's population lives on less than $5.50 a day, with a rising share of the poor in wealthier economies, the World Bank said Wednesday. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Genetic breakthrough will aid whitebark pine conservation efforts

A University of Colorado Denver-led research team for the first time developed reliable genetic markers known as nuclear microsatellites for the whitebark pine, a discovery that could improve the tree's prospects for survival. Whitebark pine, which is declining rapidly nearly ran … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Social media for medical journals operates in 'wild west,' needs more support to succeed

Much of the published medical research goes unread by the general public and medical community, despite being largely funded by the federal government and private foundations. To reach more people, medical journals have begun using social media to promote new research. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Food systems planning experts say it's time to reflect on local governments' efforts

Governments across the U.S. and Canada have made strides in their food systems planning efforts, with many recognizing within the past decade that the issue of food insecurity is just as important as maintaining other public infrastructure like roads and water systems. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Pushing the extra cold frontiers of superconducting science

Measuring the properties of superconducting materials in magnetic fields at close to absolute zero temperatures is difficult, but necessary to understand their quantum properties. How cold? Lower than 0.05 Kelvin (-272°C). | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Government corruption tops 5th annual Chapman University survey of American fears

More Americans are afraid than ever, according to the 5th annual Chapman University Survey of American Fears. The 2018 survey revealed that government corruption remains Americans' primary concern, and the state of the environment, which for the first time represents fully half o … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Superflares from young red dwarf stars imperil planets

The word "HAZMAT" describes substances that pose a risk to the environment, or even to life itself. Imagine the term being applied to entire planets, where violent flares from the host star may make worlds uninhabitable by affecting their atmospheres. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Estimating the feeding habits of corals may offer new insights on resilient reefs

Researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and colleagues have found that corals living in more productive waters take advantage of the increased food availability. The findings, published in the journal Current Biology on October … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Researchers propose CRISPR as influencer of low genetic diversity in deadly bacteria

Scientists at Oregon State University have shed light on the evolutionary history of a soil-borne bacteria that is so dangerous to grazing animals it is kept behind lock-and-key to prevent its spread. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

New tool helps align investment with objectives in biodiversity conservation

One of the balancing acts faced by conservation agencies is how to conserve and protect as many species as possible from extinction with limited funding and finite resources. In the U.S., conservation agencies are supported and guided by the Endangered Species Act, the seminal wi … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Breakthrough in accessing the tiny magnet within the core of a single atom

Researchers at the Center for Quantum Nanoscience (QNS) within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) in South Korea have made a major scientific breakthrough by detecting the nuclear magnetism, or "nuclear spin" of a single atom. In an international collaboration with IBM Researc … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Scientists discover first high-temperature single-molecule magnet

A team of scientists led by Professor Richard Layfield at the University of Sussex has published breakthrough research in molecule-based magnetic information storage materials. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Working lands play a key role in protecting biodiversity

With a body the size of a fist and wings that span more than a foot, the big brown bat must gorge on 6,000 to 8,000 bugs a night to maintain its stature. This mighty appetite can be a boon to farmers battling crop-eating pests. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Smallest life forms have smallest working CRISPR system

An ancient group of microbes that contains some of the smallest life forms on Earth also has the smallest CRISPR gene-editing machinery discovered to date. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

New cell movement process key to understanding and repairing facial malformations

The embryonic stem cells that form facial features, called neural crest cells, use an unexpected mechanism of moving from the back of the head to the front to populate the face, finds a new UCL-led study. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

First proof of quantum computer advantage

For many years, quantum computers were not much more than an idea. Today, companies, governments and intelligence agencies are investing in the development of quantum technology. Robert König, professor for the theory of complex quantum systems at the TUM, in collaboration with D … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Everglades restoration must deal with rising ocean, new report says

Are we restoring the Everglades just so the ocean can swallow a lot of it back up? Eighteen years into the multibillion-dollar restoration of the Everglades, a scientific review committee called Wednesday for a broad re-examination of future projects in light of the changing cli … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Manufacturers adopt robots that help human workers, not replace them. For now

During more than 25 years as a factory worker, David Young has seen a parade of robots take over tasks he and his colleagues used to do by hand. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Facebook lured advertisers by inflating ad-watch times up to 900 percent: lawsuit

Not only did Facebook inflate ad-watching metrics by up to 900 percent, it knew for more than a year that its average-viewership estimates were wrong and kept quiet about it, a new legal filing claims. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Astronomers catch red dwarf star in a superflare outburst

New observations by two Arizona State University astronomers using the Hubble Space Telescope have caught a red dwarf star in a violent outburst, or superflare. The blast of radiation was more powerful than any such outburst ever detected from the Sun, and would likely affect the … | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Mass tax trickery cost Europe 55 bln euros: report

Two closely-related tax schemes have helped banks and investors avoid tax or even syphon cash directly out of European treasuries totalling billions more than previously thought, an investigation by 19 media revealed Thursday. | Continue reading | 2 years ago

Wet and mild: Warm winter predicted for much of the US

U.S. meteorologists say winter is looking wet and especially mild for much of the country, thanks to a weak El Nino brewing. | Continue reading | 2 years ago