What is 'heteropessimism,' and why do men and women suffer from it?

A friend introduces their partner as "my current husband." Another jokes about marriage as a life sentence. Everyone laughs, no one is surprised. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 4 hours ago

How Nigeria can turn its huge cashew waste into valuable citric acid

Nigeria—the sixth largest producer of cashew nuts globally—exports more than 80% of its raw cashews primarily to Vietman and India where they are processed into various consumer products such as butter, food and cosmetic ingredients. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 4 hours ago

Video: Watching how cells deal with stress

FMI researchers developed an imaging approach that allowed them to visualize individual molecules involved in the cell's response to stress. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Researchers simulate defense of the Earth against asteroid impact

NASA's Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission is the world's first full-scale planetary defense test against potential asteroid impacts on Earth. Researchers of the University of Bern and the National Center of Competence in Research (NCCR) PlanetS now show that instead … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Researchers describe the full range of ceramides found in the top layer of human skin

Ceramides are a type of lipid that are found in abundance in the top layer of the skin, called the stratum corneum. They play a crucial role in the skin's barrier function, preventing entrance of pathogens and allergens and the loss of water and electrolytes. Mutations in the gen … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Microporous polymer membranes for light-gated ion transport

In a new report now published in Science Advances, Zongyao Zhou and a team of scientists in chemical engineering and physical science and engineering at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology in Saudi Arabia developed an artificial light-gated ion channel membrane … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Binding methane with metal: A new hope for recycling the potent fossil fuel

UNSW chemists have engineered a new molecular "vice," by including the rare metal osmium, that can bind methane for hours—providing crucial evidence for an intermediate step that will inform new catalysts to store, transport, or transform the gas into methanol and help to avert w … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Study reveals High Mountain Asia hydropower systems are threatened by climate change

The Himalayas and neighboring mountain ranges (or High Mountain Asia), the planet's most extensive icy systems outside the polar regions, have the world's largest undeveloped hydropower potential and are seeing numerous dams and reservoirs under construction or planning. However, … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Astronomers detect a new cataclysmic variable system

Using NASA's Swift spacecraft, astronomers have discovered a new cataclysmic variable (CV) through its ultraviolet (UV) bursting activity. The newfound CV, designated TUVO-21acq, was detected as part of the Transient UV Objects Project (TUVO). The finding is reported in a paper p … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Enzyme in human salivary microbes decomposes PET-based plastics

Human saliva may contain an enzyme which can decompose the plastic polyethylene terephthalate (PET). Researchers found the promising enzyme, a hydrolase, in a database containing human metagenome samples. As they report in the journal Angewandte Chemie International Edition, this … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

The puzzling link between star formation and radio emission in galaxies

On the 50th anniversary of the discovery of a close connection between star formation in galaxies and their infrared and radio radiation, researchers at the Leibniz Institute for Astrophysics Potsdam (AIP) have now deciphered the underlying physics. To this end, they used novel c … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Using AI to identify chick distress calls in large poultry farms

A team of researchers from the University of Hong Kong, working with several colleagues from the U.K., has modified an AI application for use in detecting chick distress calls in noisy environments. In their paper published in Journal of the Royal Society Interface, the group des … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

Aquaculture drives aquatic food yields to new high

The production of wild and farm-raised fish, shellfish and algae reached record levels in 2020, and future increases could be vital to fighting world hunger, the Food and Agriculture Organization said Wednesday. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 5 hours ago

The environmental cost of cheating to overcome cooperation in simple multicellular organisms

A team of researchers at the University of New Brunswick has conducted an experiment to learn more about the evolution of cooperation in groups of living creatures. In their paper published in the journal Biology Letters, the group describe genetically altering a type of green al … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 6 hours ago

Shedding light on reptilian health: Researchers investigate origins of snake fungal disease in US

Although only recently recognized as an issue in wildlife ecology, snake fungal disease (SFD) is of emerging concern in the U.S., with parallels among other better-known wildlife fungal diseases such as white-nose syndrome in bats. SFD can be deadly to snakes, and even in milder … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 11 hours ago

These red flags can let you know when you're in an online echo chamber

Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have identified specific elements of tone and style in online speech that are linked to hyperpartisan echo chambers. The findings are now published in the journal Discourse & Society. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 11 hours ago

Dissolving the problem: Organic vapor induces dissolution of molecular salts

It has long been known that when salt is kept in a humid environment, it absorbs water, dissolving some of the salt and making it clump. Now, researchers from Japan have discovered that water vapor isn't the only agent that can do this. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 18 hours ago

Researchers describe new kangaroo fossil from Papua New Guinea

Australian paleontologists from Flinders University have described a new genus of giant fossil kangaroo from the mountains of central Papua New Guinea. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 18 hours ago

Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius would reduce risks to humans by up to 85%

New research led by the University of East Anglia (UEA) quantifies the benefits of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius and identifies the hotspot regions for climate change risk in the future. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 19 hours ago

Whale entanglements drop, but remain major threat, feds say

The number of whales entangled in fishing gear has declined recently, but the entanglements remain a critical threat to rare species, the federal government said in a report released Tuesday. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 21 hours ago

Pitching with too much passion? 'More enthusiastic' pitches turn off investors, study finds

A new study offers entrepreneurs some savvy sales advice: When pitching to investors for funding, a high-octane product pitch with great enthusiasm can be a double-edged sword. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 22 hours ago

Understanding how microbiota thrive in their human hosts

A research team lead by scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Biology, Tübingen, Germany, has now made substantial progress in understanding how gut bacteria succeed in their human hosts on a molecular level. They investigated how bacteria produce inositol lipids, substanc … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 22 hours ago

Republicans and Democrats see their own party's falsehoods as more acceptable

Society recognizes that many politicians lie. In five new studies, researchers have examined how conservative and liberal Americans responded to media reports of politicians' falsehoods. Even accounting for partisan biases in how much people dismissed the reports as fake news and … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 22 hours ago

Physicists confront the neutron lifetime puzzle

To solve a long-standing puzzle about how long a neutron can "live" outside an atomic nucleus, physicists entertained a wild but testable theory positing the existence of a right-handed version of our left-handed universe. They designed a mind-bending experiment at the Department … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 22 hours ago

Chesapeake Bay 'dead zone' predicted to be 13% lower than average this summer

This summer's Chesapeake Bay "dead zone" is expected to be smaller than the long-term average, according to a forecast released today by researchers from the University of Michigan, Chesapeake Bay Program, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science and U.S. Geologic … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 22 hours ago

Shine a light: New research shows how low-energy light can bend plastic

A team of Florida State University researchers has uncovered a way to use low-energy light to manipulate photopolymers or plastic films—a finding that has implications for a wide range of technologies that use light as an energy source to create shape-shifting structures. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 23 hours ago

Are your COVID-19 vaccinations up to date? It might depend on your politics, new study suggests

Some Americans still say no to getting any COVID-19 vaccination even as others are currently committing to their fourth shot. What accounts for differences in attitude between the fully vaccinated and those who opt out? The biggest factor could be political ideology, a new survey … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 23 hours ago

Study shows chemical's extent in the Fairbanks winter air

A chemical compound discovered in 2019 in the wintertime air of Fairbanks, Alaska accounts for a significant portion of the community's fine particulate pollution, according to new research that seeks to better understand the causes and makeup of the dirty air. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 23 hours ago

Researchers explain why people with lower economic status don't trust politicians as much

The "anomie" concept—that the society is disintegrating and losing moral standards—explains why people with low socioeconomic status trust politics less than those with a higher one, concludes a new study published in the scientific journal Social Psychological Bulletin. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 23 hours ago

Identifying bird species by sound, an app opens new avenues for citizen science

The BirdNET app, a free machine-learning powered tool that can identify over 3,000 birds by sound alone, generates reliable scientific data and makes it easier for people to contribute citizen-science data on birds by simply recording sounds. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Nearly 1 in 4 globally at risk from severe flooding: study

Almost a quarter of the world's population are exposed to significant flood risks, according to new research published Tuesday, which warned those in poorer countries were more vulnerable. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Help NASA scientists find clouds on Mars

NASA scientists hope to solve a fundamental mystery about Mars' atmosphere, and you can help. They've organized a project called Cloudspotting on Mars that invites the public to identify Martian clouds using the citizen science platform Zooniverse. The information may help resear … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

The youngest Canadian bilinguals are not a monolithic group, new research shows

A new Concordia study of early childhood bilingualism in Canada reveals a portrait of language acquisition in the home that reflects the country's diversity. Immigration patterns, urban–rural demography and Indigenous populations are some of the main contributing factors to this … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Who trusts gene-edited foods? New study gauges public acceptance

Through CRISPR and other gene-editing technologies, researchers and developers are poised to bring dozens—if not hundreds—of new products to grocery stores: mushrooms with longer shelf lives, drought-resistant corn and bananas impervious to a fungus threatening the global supply. … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Can beavers catch chronic wasting disease?

Chronic wasting disease (CWD) is an infectious disease that affects the central nervous systems of animals, typically affecting cervids such as deer, elk and moose. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Climate change is shrinking and fragmenting salmon habitat

Salmon famously travel hundreds of miles upstream to reach their home waters to spawn, but climate change is shrinking their destination. A new study offers high-resolution details on how Chinook salmon habitats are being lost on Bear Valley Creek, a headwater stream of the Salmo … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

New technology turns the whole fish into food

In the meat industry, it's common practice to turn the whole animal into food products. In the fish industry, over half of the weight of the fish ends up as side-streams which never reach our plates. This takes a toll on the environment and is out of step with Swedish food and fi … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Flooding exacerbates pollution exposure in at-risk urban communities

Increased flooding in the U.S. is exposing more people to industrial pollution, especially in racially marginalized urban communities, according to new research from Rice University, New York University and Brown University. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Wild tomato genome will benefit domesticated cousins

A team of researchers has assembled a reference genome for Solanum lycopersicoides, a wild relative of the cultivated tomato, and developed web-based tools to help plant researchers and breeders improve the crop. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Examining heated tobacco product emissions

A new paper examining whether heated tobacco products emit smoke has been published in the academic journal American Chemical Society Omega. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Human urine-derived stem cells have robust regenerative potential

The Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine (WFIRM) researchers, who were the first to identify that stem cells in human urine have potential for tissue regenerative effects, continue their investigation into the power of these cells. In their latest published study, they … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Valleytronics researchers fabricate novel 2D material enjoying long-life excitons

The emerging field of valleytronics, which exploits the momentum preference of excited electrons, or excitons, in a variety of optoelectronic devices, is closely tied to the fabrication of novel 2D materials just atoms thick. This month, a group of valleytronics researchers from … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

New study shows how the ancient world adapted to climate change

A new study of the ancient world of Anatolia—now Turkey—shows how they adapted to climate change but offers a warning for today's climate emergency. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Understanding earthquakes triggered by wastewater injection

Since 2009, many central U.S. residents have faced increasing earthquake activity. Research has suggested that these tremors are linked to wastewater injection into deep wells by oil and gas companies. However, the precise dynamics of these earthquakes are still being revealed. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

New study investigates the microbiomes of dogs around the world

Although the microbiome—the collection of all microbes that live in the body—in the fecal matter of dogs has been investigated extensively, those studies have mostly been limited to domesticated dogs. In a new study, researchers have sampled the fecal microbiomes across diverse g … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

How to MRI your dragon: Researchers develop first bearded dragon brain atlas

They're not too cuddly, but bearded dragons are working their way into the hearts and homes of American families. And now, researchers at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign are ensuring that these scaly companion animals receive the same medical care as Fluffy, Stripes, … | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Investigating positron scattering from giant molecular targets

New research looks at positron scattering from rare gas atoms encapsulated in carbon 60 to investigate quantum properties that can't be tested with electrons. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago

Seat assignments drive friendships among elementary school children

Most teachers focus on academic considerations when assigning seats. A new study by Florida Atlantic University psychology researchers is the first to show that these classroom seat assignments also have important implications for children's friendships. | Continue reading


@phys.org | 1 day ago