Breathing new life into existing tech: FT-IR spectrometer shows molecular orientation

Researchers have established an approach to identify the orientation of molecules and chemical bonds in crystalline organic-inorganic hybrid thin films deposited on substrates using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and polarized infrared light with a 3D-printed att … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Scientists uncover genetic secrets of world's smallest diving mammals

New research by University of Liverpool scientists and international collaborators has revealed how the world's smallest diving mammal—the water shrew—evolved to survive for long periods underwater without breathing. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

New metal-free hydrogel electrodes flex to fit the body's many shapes, avoiding damage to organs

Arrays of metal electrodes are often used in medical procedures that require monitoring or delivering electrical impulses in the body, such as brain surgery and epilepsy mapping. However, the metal and plastic materials that comprise them are stiff and inflexible while the body's … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Yessotoxins produced by phytoplankton caused summer mass shellfish mortality events in Washington

Back in the summers of 2018 and 2019, the shellfish industry in Washington state was rocked by mass mortalities of its crops. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Long-term study shows rapid formation of micro- and nanoplastics in the environment

Most microplastic particles in the environment originate from larger pieces of plastic. In a long-term study, an interdisciplinary research team at the University of Bayreuth has simulated how quickly plastic breaks down into fragments under natural influences. High-tech laborato … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Psychological understanding of the term 'artificial'

Is natural always good and artificial always bad? We talked to psychologist Angela Bearth and biotechnologist Sven Panke about science, skepticism, misunderstandings and how language influences the way we think. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Which areas will climate change render uninhabitable? Climate models alone cannot say

Scientists often rely on global climate models and high-level data to anticipate which regions of the world will face flooding, droughts, and other hardships in the future. We use those models to communicate the urgency of climate change and to provide a general sense of which re … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

New archaeological research investigates Dark Emu's idea of Aboriginal 'agriculture' and villages

Bruce Pascoe's Dark Emu is in the news again, with the publication of a new book critiquing Pascoe's arguments. Dark Emu builds on an earlier, less known work by archaeologist Rupert Gerritsen, who argued a number of regions across Australia should be considered centers of Aborig … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Tailored laser fields reveal properties of transparent crystals

The surface of a material often has properties that are very different from the properties within the material. For example, a non-conducting crystal, which actually exhibits no magnetism, can show magnetisation restricted to its surface because of the way the atoms are arranged … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

New research reveals why older Australians shy away from taking selfies

Swinburne researchers have collected unique insights that help explain why 50% of older Australia want to do more on the internet, but are reluctant to take selfies and share posts on social media. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Sustainable fuel blends could help airlines clean up their act

Sustainable fuel blends used by aircraft may help reduce the impact of aviation on climate warming by producing less contrail cloud, concludes a study published in Communications Earth & Environment. The findings suggest that contrails from aircraft burning sustainable fuel blend … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

LLNL/Tyvak space telescope goes into orbit

Thousands of images of Earth and space have been taken by a compact space imaging payload developed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers and its collaborator Tyvak Nano-Satellite Systems. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Gene edited indoor veggie gardens, advanced wastewater treatment to tackle food crisis

Climate change, rising populations, and shrinking farmlands are all threatening global food security. As the future of food hangs in the balance, innovative research and the development of sustainable urban food solutions could tip the scales back in our favor. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Jordan battles to save rare tiny Dead Sea carp

Jordan is racing against time to save a tiny rare fish from extinction as falling water levels partly triggered by global warming threaten to dry up its last habitat. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Las Vegas weighs tying growth to conservation amid drought

Record-breaking heat and historic drought in the U.S. West are doing little to discourage cities from planning to welcome millions of new residents in the decades ahead. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

There's a good reason online retailers are investing in physical stores

Researchers from Colorado State University, Amazon, and Dartmouth College published a new paper in the Journal of Marketing that examines the role of physical stores for selling "deep" products. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Meringue-like material could make aircraft as quiet as a hairdryer

An incredibly light new material that can reduce aircraft engine noise and improve passenger comfort has been developed at the University of Bath. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Surprising spider hair discovery may inspire stronger adhesives

Just how do spiders walk straight up—and even upside-down across—so many different types of surfaces? Answering this question could open up new opportunities for creating powerful, yet reversible, bioinspired adhesives. Scientists have been working to better understand spider fee … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Managed retreat: A must in the war against climate change

University of Delaware disaster researcher A.R. Siders said it's time to put all the options on the table when it comes to discussing climate change adaptation. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Tug-of-war receptors for sour taste in fruit flies sheds light on human taste biology

Sour taste does not have the nearly universal appeal that sweet taste does. Slightly sour foods or drinks such as yogurt and lemon juice are yummy to many, but such highly sour foods as spoiled milk are yucky, even dangerous. Like humans, many other animals, including insects, pr … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Algorithm uses mass spectrometry data to predict identity of molecules

An algorithm designed by researchers from Carnegie Mellon University's Computational Biology Department and St. Petersburg State University in Russia could help scientists identify unknown molecules. The algorithm, called MolDiscovery, uses mass spectrometry data from molecules t … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Drought saps California reservoirs as hot, dry summer looms

Each year Lake Oroville helps water a quarter of the nation's crops, sustain endangered salmon beneath its massive earthen dam and anchor the tourism economy of a Northern California county that must rebuild seemingly every year after unrelenting wildfires. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

After 9 years and $10M, Georgia spaceport nears FAA approval

After nine years of planning and $10 million invested by local taxpayers, county officials in Georgia's coastal southeast corner came a big step closer Thursday to winning federal approval of a project engineered to literally inject the local economy with rocket fuel. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

EXPLAINER: What's behind the heat wave in the American West?

Much of the American West has been blasted with sweltering heat this week as a high pressure dome combines with the worst drought in modern history to launch temperatures into the triple digits, toppling records even before the official start of summer. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Intensive water management in California promotes 'live fast, die young' cycle in floodplain forests

Woodlands along streams and rivers are an important part of California's diverse ecology. They are biodiversity hotspots, providing various ecosystem services including carbon sequestration and critical habitat for threatened and endangered species. But our land and water use hav … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Mountain fires burning higher at unprecedented rates

Forest fires have crept higher up mountains over the past few decades, scorching areas previously too wet to burn, according to researchers from McGill University. As wildfires advance uphill, a staggering 11% of all Western U.S. forests are now at risk. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

A new rapid assessment to promote climate-informed conservation and nature-based solutions

A new article, published as a Perspective in the journal Conservation Science and Practice, introduces a rapid assessment framework that can be used as a guide to make conservation and nature-based solutions more robust to future climate. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Changing a 2D material's symmetry can unlock its promise

Optoelectronic materials that are capable of converting the energy of light into electricity, and electricity into light, have promising applications as light-emitting, energy-harvesting, and sensing technologies. However, devices made of these materials are often plagued by inef … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

'Nanodecoy' therapy binds and neutralizes SARS-CoV-2 virus

Nanodecoys made from human lung spheroid cells (LSCs) can bind to and neutralize SARS-CoV-2, promoting viral clearance and reducing lung injury in a macaque model of COVID-19. By mimicking the receptor that the virus binds to rather than targeting the virus itself, nanodecoy ther … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

How cells 'read' artificial ingredients tossed into genetic recipe

If the genome is the recipe of life, base pairs are the individual ingredients listed. These chemical structures form DNA, and every living organism on Earth has just four. The specific arrangements of these four base pairs—A, T, C, G—make us who and what we are. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Thin, stretchable biosensors could make surgery safer

A research team from Los Alamos National Laboratory and Purdue University have developed bio-inks for biosensors that could help localize critical regions in tissues and organs during surgical operations. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Sorghum, a close relative of corn, tested for disease resistance on Pennsylvania farms

With sorghum poised to become an important crop grown by Pennsylvania farmers, Penn State researchers, in a new study, tested more than 150 germplasm lines of the plant for resistance to a fungus likely to hamper its production. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Passive rewilding can rapidly expand UK woodland at no cost

A long-term passive rewilding study has shown that natural woodland regeneration could make a significant contribution to meeting the UK's ambitious tree planting targets—potentially at no cost and within relatively short timescales. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Probing the dynamics of photoemission

Almost a century ago, Albert Einstein received the Nobel Prize for Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect. Published in 1905, Einstein's theory incorporated the idea that light is made up of particles called photons. When light impinges on matter, the electrons i … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Scientists propose a new strategy to regulate the cell communication network

A study performed by researchers at the Institute for Advanced Chemistry of Catalonia (IQAC-CSIC) from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) in collaboration with Stony Brook University (U.S.) proposes a new strategy for the development of new drugs based on the inhibition … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Physicists bring human-scale object to near standstill, reaching a quantum state

To the human eye, most stationary objects appear to be just that—still, and completely at rest. Yet if we were handed a quantum lens, allowing us to see objects at the scale of individual atoms, what was an apple sitting idly on our desk would appear as a teeming collection of vi … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

New tools needed to effectively and fairly plan relocation of those displaced by climate

Current approaches for planning relocation for potentially millions of people affected by climate change and related risks are "woefully inadequate" and risk worsening societal inequities, experts wrote in a policy perspective on June 17 in Science. Policymakers and scientists ne … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Long-term Himalayan glacier study: Geographers combine historical images and maps with current data

The glaciers of Nanga Parbat—one of the highest mountains in the world—have been shrinking slightly but continually since the 1930s. This loss in surface area is evidenced by a long-term study conducted by researchers from the South Asia Institute of Heidelberg University. The ge … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Chinese crew enters new space station on 3-month mission

Three Chinese astronauts arrived Thursday at China's new space station at the start of a three-month mission, marking another milestone in the country's ambitious space program. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Dolphins, turtles killed by fire-ravaged ship: Sri Lanka

Dozens of turtles and dolphins were killed by intense heat and chemical poisoning from a container ship that burned for almost two weeks off Sri Lanka, authorities said Thursday. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

No breakthrough during 'exhausting' online climate talks

No breakthroughs have been made on key issues during three weeks of international climate talks that ended Thursday, officials said, with plans now for a select group of ministers to come together next month in the hope of making progress ahead of a U.N. summit in November. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

A rapid test for detecting fire blight in plants

RUDN University biotechnologists have created a method for detection of bacterial infection in apple, pear, hawthorn and other plants of the Rosaceae family. The test does not require laboratory equipment, the result is ready in 10 minutes. This will allow detecting the disease q … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Researchers discover orbital patterns of trans-Neptunian objects

Trans-Neptunian Objects (TNOs), small objects that orbit the sun beyond Neptune, are fossils from the early days of the solar system which can tell us a lot about its formation and evolution. | Continue reading | 1 day ago

After the pandemic: Economy, poverty and climate in the post-COVID-19 era

The COVID-19 pandemic had devastating impacts on economic activity in 2020, but how long will its impact persist, and what will be its long-term impact on the decarbonization of our societies? | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Foam 'fizzics'

Chemical engineers at the University of Illinois Chicago and UCLA have answered longstanding questions about the underlying processes that determine the life cycle of liquid foams. The breakthrough could help improve the commercial production and application of foams in a broad r … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Historical climate effects of permafrost peatland surprise researchers

Peatlands are an important ecosystem that contribute to the regulation of the atmospheric carbon cycle. A multidisciplinary group of researchers, led by the University of Helsinki, investigated the climate response of a permafrost peatland located in Russia during the past 3,000 … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

First empirical evidence of an identity-related societal cleavage

An international survey by the University of Münster's Cluster of Excellence "Religion and Politics" provides the first empirical evidence of an identity-related political cleavage of European societies that has resulted in the emergence of two entrenched camps of substantial siz … | Continue reading | 1 day ago

Wild chimpanzee orphans recover from the stress of losing their mother

The death of a mother is a traumatic event for immature offspring in species in which mothers provide prolonged maternal care, such as in long-lived mammals, including humans. Orphan mammals die earlier and have less offspring compared with non-orphans, but how these losses arise … | Continue reading | 1 day ago