Research team captures an elusive shadow: State-by-state gun ownership

Policymakers are faced with an exceptional challenge: how to reduce harm caused by firearms while maintaining citizens' right to bear arms and protect themselves. This is especially true as the Supreme Court has hobbled New York State regulations restricting who can carry a conce … | Continue reading | 11 minutes ago

Romantic partners can influence each other's beliefs and behaviors on climate change, new study finds

Few would argue that romantic partners have the potential to shift each other's beliefs and behaviors, but what about their views on climate change specifically? Up until now there's been little analysis of the dynamics of climate change conversations in romantic relationships an … | Continue reading | 16 minutes ago

New survey suggests charismatic songbird's numbers have dramatically declined

The evening grosbeak, a noisy and charismatic songbird, once arrived at Oregon State University in springtime flocks so vast an OSU statistics professor estimated there were up to a quarter million of the birds on campus daily. | Continue reading | 18 minutes ago

A new design of sustainable cropping diversifications

Cropping systems are one of the most important components in the crop production system, which is intensified to feed a growing global population. Previous studies focused on high yield with less attention to production of nutrients and vitamins for human diet. Since the Green Re … | Continue reading | 20 minutes ago

Monitoring COVID-19: Could medicine found in wastewater provide an early warning?

In a pilot project exploring ways to monitor COVID-19, University at Buffalo scientists hunted for pharmaceuticals and viral RNA simultaneously in wastewater in Western New York. | Continue reading | 42 minutes ago

Researchers develop online portal to show how biases in RNA sequences affect gene expression

A recent publication from researchers at the University of Kentucky explains the importance of identifying and understanding how differences between tissues and cells alter gene expression without changing the underlying genetic code. | Continue reading | 56 minutes ago

Robots are driving US co-workers to substance abuse, mental health issues, finds study

Automation enhances industry, but it's harmful to the mental health of its human co-workers. | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

Researchers identify the microbes in 100-year-old snail guts

On a drizzly day in July 1920, a Colorado scientist named Junius Henderson was hiking around the Dakota Hogback, a sandstone ridge north of Boulder. There, he spotted a group of Rocky Mountain snails (Oreohelix strigosa) oozing across the ground. Henderson scooped up the mollusks … | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

NASA's stratospheric balloon mission gets telescope with giant mirror

Telescopes designed to operate in space have to be constructed differently than those meant to operate on the ground. But what about telescopes that operate in between? | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

An engaging leadership style may boost employee engagement

A new analysis suggests that a particular leadership style dubbed "engaging leadership" can boost employees' engagement and enhance team effectiveness within the workplace. Greta Mazzetti of the University of Bologna, Italy, and Wilmar Schaufeli of Utrecht University in the Nethe … | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

How Facebook clickbait draws users into engaging with posts

A study of 4,000 Facebook posts by news organizations provides unique insights into clickbait and user engagement. The study, published in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Anna-Katharina Jung, of the University of Duisburg-Essen, and colleagues, suggests both headlines and the … | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

'Safety in numbers' tactic keeps Pacific salmon safe from predators

Animals that live in groups tend to be more protected from predators. That idea might be common sense, but it's difficult to test for some species, especially for wild populations of fish that live in the ocean. | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

Shrimps and worms among first animals to recover after largest mass extinction

Researchers studying ancient sea bed burrows and trails have discovered that bottom burrowing animals were among the first to bounce back after the end-Permian mass extinction. | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

Underwater jars reveal Roman period winemaking practices

Winemaking practices in coastal Italy during the Roman period involved using native grapes for making wine in jars waterproofed with imported tar pitch, according to a study published June 29, 2022 in PLOS ONE by Louise Chassouant of Avignon University and colleagues. | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

New functional protein measuring technology could advance drug discovery research

A new biomedical research tool that enables scientists to measure hundreds of functional proteins in a single cell could offer new insights into cell machinery. Led by Jun Wang, Associate Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Stony Brook University, this microchip assay—called t … | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

Global water basins hotspots prioritize areas under threat

New research at the intersection of how humans and ecosystems interact with water shows that the most-stressed regions in the world are becoming drier, leading to water governance, economic and social challenges. | Continue reading | 1 hour ago

NASA's Perseverance Mars rover Hazcam image: 'Enchanted Lake' at Jezero Crater

Ask any space explorer, and they'll have a favorite photograph or two from their mission. For Katie Stack Morgan, the deputy project scientist for NASA's Perseverance Mars rover, the first close-up image of layered rocks at the base of Jezero Crater's ancient river delta holds a … | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Researchers measure atmospheric water vapor using open-air spectroscopy

Researchers have shown that a new mid-infrared spectrometer can precisely measure the ratios of different forms of water—known as isotopologues—in atmospheric water vapor through open air in a little over 15 minutes. Isotopologue ratios, which can be affected by land-based water … | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Climate change may be culprit in Antarctic fish disease outbreak

Climate change might be behind an unusual disease outbreak among Antarctic fish. | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Companies have changed their global supply chains in profound ways due to Brexit, US-China trade war and COVID

The continuing geopolitical risk and uncertainty experienced in recent years has prompted companies to change their global supply chains in profound ways, new research has found. | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Drought and bark beetles are killing the oldest trees on Earth. Can the trees be saved?

Forest pathologist Martin MacKenzie strode forward on a narrow path through California's mythic bristlecone pine forest in the White Mountains near the Nevada border, methodically scanning gnarled limbs for the invaders that threaten the lives of some of the world's oldest trees. | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Shining some light on an obscure proteome

Mass-spectrometry based proteomics is the big-data science of proteins that allows the monitoring of the abundance of thousands of proteins in a sample at once. Therefore, it is a particularly well-suited readout for discovering which proteins are targeted by any small molecule. … | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Maryland to restrict crabbing in response to 'worrisome' population decline

This summer Maryland will impose new restrictions on crabbing in the Chesapeake Bay—including the first-ever limits on how many bushels of male blue crabs watermen can haul each day—in response to a troubling decline in the population of the beloved crustaceans. | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Underground carnivore: The first species of pitcher plant to dine on subterranean prey

What we thought we knew about carnivorous plants was swiftly called into question after scientists discovered a new species in the Indonesian province of North Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo. Nepenthes pudica is what scientists call a pitcher plant—it has modified leaves kno … | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Wetland selfies: Project promotes citizen science

Participating in citizen science is as easy as snapping a photo on your smartphone. | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Position measurement of a levitated nanoparticle via interference with its mirror image

Levitated nanoparticles are promising tools for sensing ultra-weak forces of biological, chemical or mechanical origin and even for testing the foundations of quantum physics. However, such applications require precise position measurement. Researchers at the Department of Experi … | Continue reading | 2 hours ago

Thawing permafrost is shaping the global climate

A new publication and interactive map summarize the current state of knowledge on the risks posed by permafrost soils—and call for decisive action | Continue reading | 3 hours ago

Examining the trait-dependent demographic costs of reproduction in coexisting plant species

Using a multi-species experimental approach, researchers from the Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (IBCAS) have recently found that trade-off between current reproduction and future performance was associated with flowering strategy and clonality. Results we … | Continue reading | 3 hours ago

Simultaneous single-pulse polarization observations reveal pulsar radiation behaviors

More than 50 years after the discovery of the first pulsar, the detailed physics of the emission process in a pulsar magnetosphere still remains unclear. | Continue reading | 3 hours ago

Honeycomb structure with oxygen-poor pores found in oxide scale on small lead-based reactor materials

A research team led by Jiang Zhizhong from the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has found a honeycomb structure in localized regions at the top of the magnetite layer on martensitic steel and analyzed its formation reason and p … | Continue reading | 3 hours ago

Short-term debt comes with a penalty in the cost of equity

A new study finds that investors want to be compensated, in the form of higher returns, for holding the stock of firms that have a relatively higher proportion of short-term debt, rather than long term debt | Continue reading | 3 hours ago

Using colloidal nanodiscs for 3D bioprinting tissues and tissue models

Extrusion-based 3D printing of bio solids, or "bioprinting," is a promising approach to generating patient-specific, tissue-engineered grafts. However, a major challenge in bioprinting is that most currently used materials lack the versatility to be used in a wide range of applic … | Continue reading | 3 hours ago

NASA mission aims to study ice and water on the moon's surface

In the fall of 2023, a U.S. rover will land at the south pole of the moon. Its mission: to explore the water ice that scientists know lurks within the lunar shadows, and which they believe could help sustain humans who may one day explore the moon or use it as a launching pad for … | Continue reading | 3 hours ago

With changing climate, global lake evaporation loss larger than previously thought

A white mineral ring as tall as the Statue of Liberty creeps up the steep shoreline of Lake Mead, a Colorado River reservoir just east of Las Vegas on the Nevada-Arizona border. It is the country's largest reservoir, and it's draining rapidly. | Continue reading | 3 hours ago

Falling stardust, wobbly jets explain blinking gamma ray bursts

A Northwestern University-led team of astrophysicists has developed the first-ever full 3D simulation of an entire evolution of a jet formed by a collapsing star, or a "collapsar." | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Artificial intelligence techniques used to obtain antibiotic resistance patterns

The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is conducting research that analyzes antibiotic resistance patterns with the aim of finding trends that can help decide which treatment to apply to each type of patient and stop the spread of bacteria. This study, recently published in … | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Life in the Earth's interior is as productive as in some ocean waters

Terrestrial and marine habitats have been considered the ecosystems with the highest primary production on Earth by far. Microscopic algae in the upper layers of the oceans and plants on land bind atmospheric carbon (CO2) and produce plant material driven by photosynthesis. Since … | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Assigning moving features in high-speed atomic force microscopy

Researchers at Kanazawa University report in Biophysics and Physicobiology how to optimize high-speed atomic force microscopy experiments on live cell membranes, so that moving objects like molecules can be properly followed from frame to frame. | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Rescuing an ancient fish species on the brink of extinction

At the base of a winding staircase and tucked away in a dimly lit room, about a hundred healthy fish represent the last, best hope for an ancient species on the brink of extinction. | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Researchers screen out herb Bletilla populations with excellent germplasm and important phenotypic traits

Bletilla Rchb. f. (Orchidaceae) is a small genus with great economic value distributed in Asia, and China is the distribution center of Bletilla with four species. The dried pseudobulb of B. striata was recorded as BaiJi, and was first recorded in Shennong's Classic of Materia Me … | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Iceland volcano eruption opens a rare window into the Earth beneath our feet

The recent Fagradalsfjall eruption in the southwest of Iceland has enthralled the whole world, including nature lovers and scientists alike. The eruption was especially important as it provided geologists with a unique opportunity to study magmas that were accumulated in a deep c … | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

New single-mode semiconductor laser delivers power with scalability

Berkeley engineers have created a new type of semiconductor laser that accomplishes an elusive goal in the field of optics: the ability to maintain a single mode of emitted light while maintaining the ability to scale up in size and power. It is an achievement that means size doe … | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

How fruit flies lay off the extra salty snacks

Fruit flies are known for their sweet tooth, but new research also indicates they may offer hints to how animals sense—and avoid—high concentrations of salt. | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Climate change is making plants more vulnerable to disease. New research could help them fight back.

When heat waves hit, they don't just take a toll on people—the plants we depend on for food suffer too. That's because when temperatures get too high, certain plant defenses don't work as well, leaving them more susceptible to attacks from pathogens and insect pests. | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Ice Age wolf DNA reveals dogs trace ancestry to two separate wolf populations

An international group of geneticists and archaeologists, led by the Francis Crick Institute, have found that the ancestry of dogs can be traced to at least two populations of ancient wolves. The work moves us a step closer to uncovering the mystery of where dogs underwent domest … | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Destruction and recovery of kelp forests driven by changes in sea urchin behavior

A dramatic outbreak of kelp-eating sea urchins along the Central Coast of California in 2014, leading to a significant reduction in the region's kelp forests, was driven primarily by the emergence of sea urchins from their hiding places rather than an increase in the urchin popul … | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Fertilizers from composting plants contain large quantities of biodegradable plastics

Composting plants process biowaste into finished compost, which ends up as fertilizer in soils. A study by the University of Bayreuth shows that finished compost from composting plants in Germany contains a large number of biodegradable plastic particles. Applicable legal and ce … | Continue reading | 4 hours ago

Confirmed new fungus has mysterious origins

CABI has confirmed a new species of fungus after the BBC Springwatch show called on Dr. Harry Evans' expertise when the mysterious specimen was first discovered in a Victorian gunpowder store at Castle Espie wetland center in Northern Ireland. | Continue reading | 5 hours ago